It is founded on a personal and critical observation of facts. Utilitarian thought appears to take the question more seriously than Kant, but in the end provides an answer that is no more satisfying. Whether you treat yourself to lunch, take a long, relaxing bath or simply spend a few extra minutes on your appearance you will be subconsciously putting yourself in a better mood.
To be sure, this is where the eudaimonist will lose most, otherwise sympathetic, people. But none of these answers to our question — Why be moral?
Original pagination indicated within double brackets. Then your time on earth will be filled with glory. Or so it would seem. But open it to moral concerns. The Essence of a Eudaimonist Moral Philosophy It is usually Aristotle that is credited with being the father of what is now called eudaimonism, the concept of eudaimomia having been formalized in the doctrine of his Nicomachean Ethics.
Let us very briefly examine three of those theories. A recent study by Steven Cole of the UCLA School of Medicine, and Barbara Fredrickson of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, found that people who reported more eudaimonic happiness had stronger immune system function than those who reported more hedonic happiness, suggesting that a life of meaning may be better for our health than a life seeking pleasure.
Let us very briefly examine three of those theories.
When we know little of the world, we can do little to improve it. As Kant would argue, even if it could be demonstrated that all human beings pursue happiness and that human happiness consisted, as Aristotle suggests, in some identifiable activity or way of life, that would still not be sufficient to give us any direction of how we ought to act in any meaningful moral sense.
As he states, most people tacitly believe that Thrasymachus is right, or that justice is only something we tolerate as members of a kind of Hobbesian social contract. As Kant would argue, even if it could be demonstrated that all human beings pursue happiness and that human happiness consisted, as Aristotle suggests, in some identifiable activity or way of life, that would still not be sufficient to give us any direction of how we ought to act in any meaningful moral sense.
Kant, therefore, leaves himself very little to say in response to the moral skeptic, other than that demanding reasons to act morally other than morality itself would lead to abandoning morality altogether. The philosopher contemplates those ideas and comes more fully into communion with the good as he does so.
The first is a very base and carnal form. Moral happiness is happiness tempered by moral considerations. We treat others better. Understand what it is that will make you happy.
We have all experienced moments when we felt bad about the way we talked to someone or treated them or talked behind their backs. The Republic recalls a conversation about justice between Socrates and several interlocutors that lasts long into the night. Let us very briefly examine three of those theories.
These reasons are in no way dependent on public opinion, or on any relation to success or happiness here, and are, therefore, calculated to influence conduct under the most extreme conditions of temptation or secresy. Glaucon famously makes his point with two thought experiments.
Happiness is not just the ultimate end because it is the last thing desired in a long list of more proximate desires. Shame on me for even asking such a thing!Dec 15, · There’s nothing new about earned success.
It’s simply another way of explaining what America’s founders meant when they proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence that humans’ inalienable rights include life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
This moral covenant links the founders to each of us today. (3) The influence of religious belief, which declares certain acts to be offensive to the Deity, and to lead to punishment in a future life. (4) The belief expressed in the saying, "Honesty is the best policy," and expanded into the general principle that the moral life is, emphatically, the happiest life.
Even as happiness might fail to suffice for well-being, well-being itself may be only one component of a good life, and not the most important one at that. Here ‘good life’ means a life that is good all things considered, taking account of all the values that matter in life, whether they benefit the individual or not.
Moral happiness is happiness tempered by moral considerations. In the long-run, those moral considerations will do more for your self-esteem and self-confidence and sense of value and worth and trust and self-respect than any amount of self-serving happiness ever could in the short-run.
So keep pursuing happiness. But open it to moral concerns.
Hence there is no reality ground for rejecting the greatest happiness principle as a moral lead. THE PROBLEM Happiness is a highly valued in present day society.
Not only do people aim at happiness in their own life but there is also growing support for the idea that we care for the happiness of other people and that governments should aim at creating greater happiness for a greater number of citizens.
But since not all religious people are happier, and not all religious beliefs seem to lead to happiness, we have to search for the “active ingredient” in .Download